Sea bream

Sea Bream’s manufacture has become a significant activity in many Mediterranean countries. 

Sea Bream’s manufacture has become a significant activity in many Mediterranean countries.

It has evolved from the traditional models towards intensive exploitation systems similar to those used in salmons cultivation. Feeding is a significant cost factor and its development has been parallel to that of the exploitation techniques

In the historic areas of production, environmental conditions (temperature, dissolved oxygen, salinity, etc.) change a lot during the year. This forces feeding strategy and the kind of fodder to be modified in order to always get the best results.

Dibaq has been present in this activity from the beginning, working closed to fish farmers and developing products that nowadays are considered as basic for the sector, such as finished fodder, high energy diets or products for wintry feeding.


  •  Distribution: There are Sea Breams in the whole Mediterranean Sea but not in the Black Sea. In the Atlantic Ocean it is possible to find Sea Bream from the UK to Guinea.
  •  Feeding: It mainly feeds on molluscs, crustaceans and small fish.
  •  Fishing: It is fished with longline hooks, trammel nets, rod and sometimes trawling.
  •  Breeding: Consolidated in tanks, cages and ponds.
  •  Repro: Protandrous hermaphrodite, first it grows as a male and when it is two or three years old it becomes a female. They usually spawn between October and December. They also spawn, on a secondary way, several times during this period. Incubation lasts about 2 days at 60.8-62.6ºF. Larval state lasts about 50 days at 63.5ºF or about 43 days at 68ºF.
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  • Temperature
    • 64.4-68ºF
  • Salinity
    • 35-37 per mille
  • Oxygen
    • > 6 ppm
  • Density
    • 28.4-45.45 l/p
  • Survival
    • 25-30%
  • Egg diameter
    • 0.04 in
  • Larva’s length
    • 0.1-0.12 in
  • Temperature
    • 71.6-78.8ºF
  • Salinity
    • 30-40 per mille
  • Oxygen
    • > 5 ppm
  • Load
    • 1.25-1.56 lb/ft3
  • Duration
    • 14-16 months
  • Final weight
    • 0.77-0.99 lb
  • Survival
    • 80-85%